Sant Joan de Déu Barcelona - Hospital

From 13 to 18 years old

Perhaps because a treatment study is being conducted for a health condition or a disease that you have.

The principal researcher (IP) is the person who has thought and designed the study. He is usually a doctor or another health care professional who has knowledge about the disease related with the treatment that will be studied.

Before a clinical trial begins, it must be approved by an Ethical Medical Research Committee (CEIm) and by the Spanish Agency for Medication and Healthcare Products. The committee is independent of the group of doctors, nurses, researchers and non-medical professionals who will participate in the execution of the trial. The comittee will examine the study in great detail to evaluate its quality and assess the benefits and risks involved.

The IP will send the reports of its clinical trial proposal to the CEIm of the correspondent research centre, so that they are evaluated and the authorization for their initiation is achieved.

There are strict rules that protect the rights, safety, well-being and dignity of the people involved in a clinical trial. All patients are carefully observed during the study, because their safety and well-being is a priority. For this reason, more tests and medical appointments are performed during a clinical trial.

In hospitals and healthcare centres.

The only way to really know if a medicine or treatment works is by studying them very carefully. A new treatment may be better than an existing one, and to determine this matter a clinical trial will be necessary.

Clinical trials are important studies in which doctors and researchers compare treatments. In case there is no prior treatment for the disease that we want to treat, we will compare it to a placebo, a simulation of a treatment.

Doctors and researchers carefully study the data collected during the investigation to find out if a treatment is effective, safe and how it should be administered correctly in children and teenagers.

To decide the level of effectiveness of a treatment we need:

• To know the effect it has on the body of teenagers like you.

• To know that it is safe and that the side effects are minimal compared to the benefits.

Clinical trials are very important for patients, but it is extremely important to study treatments for teenagers because many of them have only been studied with adults.

Teenagers and adults often have different health problems, so treatments can work and react differently, and, consequently, have different side effects.

Clinical trials are conducted to study and test new treatments, but they may also be used to study the possibility of combining treatments in order to make them work better.

  • Drugs to treat pain, infections, blood pressure or other diseases.
  • Vaccines to prevent infections. For example, measles, mumps or rubella vaccine.
  • Medical devices such as plasters, bandages, or blood sugar measuring devices (glucose).
  • Physical therapies: different types of exercise are included to strengthen muscles after sport injuries or to help with balance and movement problems.
  • Psychological or behavioral therapies. These are designed to help us with the way we think about our problems.

Clinical trials are studies designed to answer specific questions about how a certain drug affects health or a particular disease.

These types of studies give us important information about the benefits and safety of a treatment.